Presentation at NCTE, Minneapolis MN

East African History Institute NCTE and DD photos

Hi everyone!  Here’s the PowerPoint presentation we shared recently at a conference for English teachers.  Any input is welcome!  If you want to attend our next “going public” moment, let me know.  mbigelow@umn.edu; 612-940-0974

It’s Dec. 11 from 12 – 1:30

Martha

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Notes and links by Iric on East African and African Studies

*Very descriptive*

Link to group

https://sites.google.com/a/umn.edu/understanding-african-global-migration-experiences-through-a-historical-lens/

group 3 for comments

These are different articles on Human migration as well as human Zoo.

Human migration from Africa

The Human Journey:Migration Routes

https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/human-journey/

The real reasons why migrants risk everything for a new life elsewhere

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/world/the-real-reasons-why-migrants-risk-everything-for-a-new-life-elsewhere/article24105000/

Five Reasons Why Migration Into Europe Is A Problem With No Solution

http://www.socialeurope.eu/2015/06/five-reasons-why-migration-into-europe-is-a-problem-with-no-solution/

The African-American

Migration Story

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/african-americans-many-rivers-to-cross/history/on-african-american-migrations/

Statistic of migration to Europe

https://www.google.com/search?q=african+migration+to+europe+statistics&sa=X&rlz=1C1AFAB_enUS492US533&espv=2&biw=1920&bih=947&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&ved=0CCQQsARqFQoTCM7tuazj3sgCFcJYJgodANMI7g

African migrants: What really drives them to Europe?

We head to a Libyan detention centre to meet African migrants who risk everything in search of a better life.

http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/talktojazeera/inthefield/2015/06/african-migrants-drives-europe-150604124356795.html

Europe’s Migration Crisis

http://www.cfr.org/migration/europes-migration-crisis/p32874

Opinion: African migrants – payback time?

Just as Europeans migrated overseas in the past, so are Africans now migrating to Europe. In this guest commentary, the head of the UN Economic Commission for Africa Carlos Lopes draws parallels between the two episodes.

http://www.dw.com/en/opinion-african-migrants-payback-time/a-18691395

We can’t stop the flow of migrants to Europe. Rehousing them is our only option

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jul/31/migrants-calais-resettlement-europe

Africa’s Scramble for Europe

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/09/opinion/sunday/ross-douthat-africas-scramble-for-europe.html?_r=0

As Europe Begins to Welcome Syrians, African Refugees Fear Being Left Behind

http://time.com/4031569/migrant-crisis-europe-african-refugees/

African immigration to Europe

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_immigration_to_Europe

Illegal immigration to Europe shows sharp rise

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/immigration/10865652/Illegal-immigration-to-Europe-shows-sharp-rise.html

MIGRANTS AT SEA

http://migrantsatsea.org/

Economic Hardship, Chaos Spur African Migrants To Make Deadly Sea Journey

http://www.wsj.com/articles/economic-hardship-chaos-spur-african-migrants-to-make-deadly-sea-journey-1429476507

Fatal Journeys Tracking lives lost during Migration  

http://publications.iom.int/system/files/pdf/fataljourneys_countingtheuncounted.pdf

Development, institutional and policy aspects of international migration between Africa, Europe and Latin America and the Caribbean

http://www.cepal.org/en/publications/3960-development-institutional-and-policy-aspects-international-migration-between

Emigration flows from North Africa to Europe.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25107991

African migration: from tensions to solutions

Migrants who leave their countries in search of work are currently not adequately protected by international law

– See more at: http://www.un.org/africarenewal/magazine/january-2006/african-migration-tensions-solutions#sthash.6Hi0q3i6.dpuf

http://www.un.org/africarenewal/magazine/january-2006/african-migration-tensions-solutions

Italy is killing refugees with kindness

The ‘mare nostrum’ policy has acted as a magnet for boat people; the crisis is only growing

http://new.spectator.co.uk/2014/09/italys-decriminalising-of-illegal-immigration-has-acted-as-a-green-light-to-boat-people/

Sub-Saharan Migration to Europe in Times of Restriction An empirical test of substitution effects.

http://paa2015.princeton.edu/uploads/153207

htSpain’s African enclaves struggle to control migration

tp://www.dw.com/en/spains-african-enclaves-struggle-to-control-migration/a-17601089

Illegal immigration by boat: A dangerous, but common way of entering Europe

http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2014/04/30/illegal-immigration-by-boat-a-dangerous-but-common-way-of-entering-europe/

LINKAGES BETWEEN INTERNAL AND INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION: THE AFRICAN SITUATION

http://www.iupui.edu/~anthkb/a104/kenya/african%20migration.htm

Recent African origin of modern humans

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recent_African_origin_of_modern_humans

Dimensions of Crisis on Migration in Somalia

http://www.iom.int/files/live/sites/iom/files/Country/docs/Dimensions-of-Crisis-on-Migration-in-Somalia.pdf

Immigration to Israel:

Total Immigration from Ethiopia

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/ejim.html

The tribulations of being an Ethiopian Jew

http://www.irinnews.org/report/94819/israel-the-tribulations-of-being-an-ethiopian-jew

Aliyah from Ethiopia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aliyah_from_Ethiopia

Falash Mura

Beta Israel

ביתא ישראל

The Black Jews

http://robtshepherd.tripod.com/falasha.html

Beta Israel

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beta_Israel

Operation Moses

http://www.moia.gov.il/English/FEELINGISRAEL/ABOUTISRAEL/Pages/mivtzaMoshe.aspx

Ethiopian diaspora in the United States

http://www.moia.gov.il/English/FEELINGISRAEL/ABOUTISRAEL/Pages/mivtzaMoshe.aspx

Man’s inhumanity to man

Human Zoo

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_zoo

https://www.popularresistance.org/deep-racism-the-forgotten-history-of-human-zoos/

http://atlantablackstar.com/2014/09/09/13-shameful-pictures-europeans-placing-african-people-human-zoos/

Minnesota State Social studies Standards on African /Slavery

  1. North America was populated by indigenous nations that had developed a wide range of social structures, political systems and economic activities, and whose expansive trade networks extended across the continent. (Before European Contact) 9.4.4.15.2 Describe change over time in selected indiginous nations, including migration, trade and conflict. (Before European Contact)
  2. Rivalries among European nations and their search for new opportunities fueled expanding global trade networks and, in North America, colonization and settlement and the exploitation of indigenous peoples and lands; colonial development evoked varied responses by indigenous nations, and produced regional societies and economies that included imported slave labor and distinct forms of local government. (Colonization and Settlement: 1585-1763) 9.4.4.16.1 Analyze the consequences of the transatlantic Columbian Exchange of peoples, animals, plants and pathogens on North American societies and ecosystems. (Colonization and Settlement: 1585-1763)

Environmental changes and human adaptation enabled human migration from Africa to other regions of the world. (The Beginnings of Human History: 200,000—8000 BCE) Standard 7 The emergence of domestication and agriculture facilitated the

  1. Regional tensions around economic development, slavery, territorial expansion and governance resulted in a civil war and a period of Reconstruction that led to the abolition of slavery, a more powerful federal government, a renewed push into indigenous nations’ territory and continuing conflict over racial relations. (Civil War and Reconstruction: 1850-1877) 6.4.4.19.1 Explain the causes of the Civil War; describe how the debate over slavery and abolition played out in Minnesota. (Civil War and Reconstruction: 1850- 1877) For example: Events related to debate over slavery— Dred Scott at Fort Snelling, role of free blacks in early Minnesota. 6 4. History 4. United States History 19. Regional tensions around economic development, slavery, territorial expansion and governance resulted in a civil war and a period of Reconstruction that led to the abolition of slavery, a more powerful federal government, a renewed push into indigenous nations’ territory and continuing conflict over racial relations. (Civil War and Reconstruction: 1850-1877) 6.4.4.19.2 Create a timeline of the key events of the American Civil War; describe the war-time experiences of Minnesota soldiers and civilians. (Civil War and Reconstruction: 1850-1877) 6 4. History 4. United States History 19. Regional tensions around economic development, slavery, territorial expansion and governance resulted in a civil war and a period of Reconstruction that led to the abolition of slavery, a more powerful federal government, a renewed push into indigenous nations’ territory and continuing conflict over racial relations. (Civil War and Explain reasons for the United States-Dakota War of 1862; compare and contrast the perspectives of settlers and Dakota people before, during and after the war. (Civil War and Reconstruction: 1850-1877)
  1. The characteristics, distribution and migration of human populations on the earth’s surface influence human systems (cultural, economic and political systems). 9.3.3.5.4 Explain migration patterns in the modern era at a range of scales, local to global.
  1. Industrialization ushered in wide-spread population growth and migration, new colonial empires and revolutionary ideas about government and political power. (The Age of Revolutions: 1750—1922) 9.4.3.11.5 Describe the origins and spread of the transatlantic abolition movement; evaluate its effects on the end of the African slave trade and chattel slavery in law and in practice. (The Age of Revolutions: 1750—1922) For example: French Revolutionaries’ abolition of slavery in 1794 and Napoleon’s re-legalization of slavery in French colonies in 1802; Haitian independence and abolition in 1804; 1787 founding of the British colony of Sierra Leone; British Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade and Parliament’s 1807 Abolition of the Slave Trade Act; Mexican Revol